Heitor Villa-Lobos wrote this Chôros No. 1 in 1920 in Rio de Janeiro. At his time in Brazil, a fusion of different music styles was becoming trendy in popular music culture. Such music styles were European (Waltz, Mazurka, Polka, Schottische, Tango, Fado, etc.), Afro-Brazilian (Lundu, Batuque), African American (Ragtime), and Brazilian (Samba, Maxixe). Villa-Lobos introduced this movement of cultural fusion into the classical music idiom which he grew up with and proudly produced a new style of music that was universal and Brazilian.